M.Libânio - Agrícola S.A

Cacao


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The choice of the genetic material should consider it’s tolerance of the “witch’s broom” disease and history of productivity and the quality, demanded by the market

Towards this endeavor, researchers at the The Center for Research of Cocoa at CEPLAC (Executive Planning Commission of Cocoa Farming) are developing an intensive work with participation of Brazilian producers and diverse organizations, for example, CIRAD (France), M & M Mars (USA), the Universidade de São Paulo (Brazil), the Technological Institute of Sustenance’s - ITAL (São Paulo-Brazil), the Universidade de Santa Cruz (Bahia-Brazil), thereby developing a perfect synergy between farmers and the producers of chocolate.

The genetic material primarily introduced into Bahia was of the type, Forastero, however there were already hybrid strains distributed by the Center for Research of Cocoa to farmers in the decade of the 70´s. This created another alteration with the introduction of descendants of Trinitarios.

Presently, with the advent of the disease, “Witch’s Broom”, there is the ability to affirm that trials of genetic improvements in Brazil confer to the real expectation of associated genes of tolerance for this disease, these genes are found in material, Scavina, Rb, Cruzeiro do Sul, Pound, CAB, Ocumare, Chuao, Playa Alta, Silécia, Morona, amongst others, with the quality factors (flavor and fragrance) originating from the genetic material of Criollo and Trinitario.

This evolution of the research added a big improvement to the cocoa agriculture of Bahia. Within the domain of practical improvements is the asexual reproduction of cocoa trees (grafting), which permit planting alternatives that conform to specific demands which in earlier times were never thought possible (beginning of production in one year and commercial production from the fourth year).

Inside this vision, M. Libânio Agrícola S.A. not only prioritized the utilization of varieties which possess the characteristics of productivity, quality and disease tolerance, the Company also has a vast bank of varieties tolerant of diseases and high productivity being disposed to all of the works cited.


Rua Manoel Libânio da Silva, 100, Centro, Gandu - Bahia - Brasil | CEP 45.450-000